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Mysterious Martian ‘plumes’ baffle scientists – CSMonitor.com

Mysterious Martian ‘plumes’ baffle scientists

Spotted by amateur astronomers, the huge plumes erupting from the surface of Mars have left scientists bewildered.

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By Calla Cofield, SPACE.com / February 17, 2015

Scientists are puzzled by a mysterious plume that erupted off the surface of Mars in 2012. On the right, the location of the plume is identified in the yellow circle. On the left, close-up views of the changing plume morphology in images taken by W. Jaeschke and D. Parker on March 21, 2012. The background is a region on Mars known as Terra Cimmeria, where the plume formed. (Image source NOAA).

Grupo Ciencias Planetarias (GCP) – UPV/EHU

A mystery is brewing onMars: Amateur astronomers spotted enormous plumes erupting off the Red Planet’s surface, leaving scientists puzzled.

More than 155 miles (250 kilometers) high and hundreds of miles across, the baffling plumes were spotted by amateur astronomers in the spring of 2012. The plumes reflect sunlight, which means they could be made of water ice, carbon dioxide ice or dust. But clouds made of those materials would be hard to explain with current models of the Martian atmosphere, scientists say.

Images of Mars from the last 20 years reveal that shorter plumes, reaching heights of about 62 miles (100 km), occasionally flare up from the planet’s surface. An image by the Hubble Space Telescope from 1997 revealed another abnormally high plume, similar to the one seen in 2012, according to a statement from theEuropean Space Agency (ESA). [7 Biggest Mysteries On Mars]

Scientists at the Universidad del Pais Vasco in Spainstudied the images of the plumes and confirmed that they reach heights of more than 155 miles (250 km) above the surface, and cover an area of up to 310 by 620 miles (500 by 1,000 km).

“At about 250 km, the division between the atmosphere and outer space is very thin, so the reported plumes are extremely unexpected,” says Agustín Sánchez-Lavega of the Universidad del País Vasco, lead author of the new research.

The features developed in less than 10 hours and remained visible for about 10 days, but changed their structure from day to day, ESA officials wrote in a statement. None of the spacecraft orbiting Mars were in a position to see the plumes, due to their locations around the planet and light conditions at the time.

Analysis of the images from 2012 and of past images of plumes erupting from the surface of Mars haven’t helped the researchers determine what caused the plumes or what they are made of.

(Please click the link below to read full article on Christian Science Monitor-

http://m.csmonitor.com/Science/2015/0217/Mysterious-Martian-plumes-baffle-scientists?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=Science_final&utm_campaign=04_Newsletter%3AScience_Sailthru&cmpid=ema%3Anws%3AScience%2520Weekly%2520%2802%2F19%2F2015%29 )


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**Disclosure News USA** Air Force puts declassified UFO reports online. Is the truth out there? – CSMonitor.com

UFO buffs and everyone waiting/watching the “Disclosure” process; note the tone change in this article compared to many previous U.S. government statements and U.S. news reports on this topic. One sentence frankly admits the sightings were of technology beyond our level of knowledge.

I have long been skeptical of any possibility of official “Disclosure”, but I see in this and other articles in recent years a slow incremental movement away from the constant denial and cover-up of anything that disagrees with the official stance.

I don’t know what the full facts are. I’m definitely not a UFO hobbyist or researcher and I don’t have any personal theory or”axe to grind”. I have just heard from so many friends who are passionate about this issue (with so much evidence to present) that I can no longer justify blind faith in those who assure us that everything in the world is both knowable and known.

Blessings,
ohnwentsya

SCIENCE

Air Force puts declassified UFO reports online. Is the truth out there?

The Air Force has released a stockpile of documents pertaining to decades of military investigations on objects that were spotted over American skies throughout the years.

By Alexander LaCasse, Staff Writer JANUARY 20, 2015

  • FBI/AP
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Thanks to the Air Force, more than 130,000 documents describing military investigations of UFO activity over American airspace are now online.

“Project Blue Book” and “Project Grudge” were the official names of the investigations military officials headquartered at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio conducted between 1947 and 1969. The projects were discontinued after a joint review determined that no intelligence was being produced from the studies. The report specifically stated that no UFO “reported, investigated and evaluated,” ever posed, “any indication of threat to our national security,” CNN notes. The investigations suggest that the sightings “represent technological developments or principles beyond the range of present-day scientific knowledge,” the network also reported.

The disclosure comes after years of federal Freedom of Information Act requests filed by UFO researcher John Greenewald. The FBI will be making the files available on their website containing case files in PDF form from some of the FBI’s most notorious cases, from Bonnie and Clyde to Jimmy Hoffa. According to the same CNN report the case file, the initial field report following an alleged UFO crash at Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947 has garnered over two million page views so far.

Recommended: Are you a space whiz? Take our quiz!

Among some of the UFO cases the Project Blue Book Collection touches on are the “Exeter Incident,” “the Kenneth Arnold sighting,” from 1947 and “the Mantell crash,” from 1948.

Here are some of the most high-profile UFO mysteries:

Roswell,1947

During the first week of July in 1947, something is said to have crashed in the New Mexico desert, Northeast of the town of Roswell. Upon learning of the crash site Maj. Jesse Marcel, an intelligence officer for the 509th Bomb Group, who was stationed at Roswell Army Air Field, went to inspect the area. He allegedly found an aluminum foil-thin metal that was indestructible in the debris field, which he claimed composed the outer body of the object. Marcel also claimed that pieces of metal at the site had a strange purple writing on them.

At 11am on July 8, 1947 a public information officer for the base put out a press release stating that wreckage of crashed disk had been recovered. By the end of the day higher-ups in the Air Force made the base commanders release a second press release that asserted the material in the debris field came from a downed weather balloon.

The Exeter Incident, 1965

A man named Norman Muscarello was hitchhiking to his Exeter, N.H. home on a September night when out of no-where, a beam of light that was described as ninety feet in diameter began floating and wobbling towards him. Another panic-stricken woman who was driving from Exeter to Epping, called the police after a similar object had followed her for some 12 miles. The officer on duty did not think much of the woman’s call but after Muscarello was picked up by a couple and driven to the police station, the officer wanted to know more.

The officer had Muscarello take him to the spot where he saw the light. Muscarello had originally run to the nearest house to get help and went back to the same residence with the officer. After the owner’s horses and dogs began to stir, the beam of light rose above the trees. The police officer had been in the military and failed to recognize what kind of aircraft this was.

After the experience the police officer wrote to the Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, but investigators said they could not determine what caused the beam of light.

Kecksburg, Penn, 1965

In a small town 40 miles North of Pittsburgh, residents saw a fiery object crash into the town’s woods. Not too long after the object was reported, police and military personnel were on the scene and barricaded off the woods and turned away anyone who tried to get close. Hours later a military flat-bed truck with a large object covered by a tarp was seen leaving the woods, and the authorities never elaborated on what the object was.

A Freedom of Information Act lawsuit filed against NASA to turn over its Kecksburg investigations ended in 2009, according to SPACE.com. As a result, the government did not force NASA to hand over any documents that would explain what became of the object removed from the Pennsylvania woods.

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http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2015/0120/Air-Force-puts-declassified-UFO-reports-online.-Is-the-truth-out-there?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=Daily&utm_campaign=20150121_Newsletter%3ADaily_Sailthru&cmpid=ema%3Anws%3ADaily%2520Newsletter%2520%2801-21-2015%29

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New Year’s surprise: a comet you can see with the naked eye – CSMonitor.com

New Year’s surprise: a comet you can see with the naked eye

Skywatchers are getting an unexpected treat: Comet Lovejoy, which was discovered in August, has brightened, making it visible without a telescope. By Jan. 7, the comet, which is rising in the northern sky, will be appearing to the right of the bottom half of Orion’s bow.

By Pete Spotts, Staff writer / December 30, 2014

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Comet Lovejoy, C/2014 Q2, is framed like a cosmic Christmas tree with starry decorations in this colorful telescopic portrait, snapped on December 16th. Its lovely coma is tinted green by diatomic C2 gas fluorescing in sunlight. Discovered in August of this year, this Comet Lovejoy (not to be confused with past Comet Lovejoys) is currently sweeping north through the constellation Columba, heading for Lepus south of Orion and bright enough to offer good binocular views. Not its first time through the inner Solar System, this Comet Lovejoy will pass closest to planet Earth on January 7 and then closest to the sun on January 30. A long period comet, this Comet Lovejoy should return again … in about 8,000 years.

Damian Peach/SEN/NASA

(Please click the link below to read the rest of this article on Christian Science Monitor’s site-

http://m.csmonitor.com/Science/2014/1230/New-Year-s-surprise-a-comet-you-can-see-with-the-naked-eye?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=Science_final&utm_campaign=4_Newsletter%3AScience_Sailthru&cmpid=ema%3Anws%3AScience%2520Weekly%2520%2801%2F01%2F2015%29 )


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Instead of writing ticket, Michigan cop buys booster seat for girl (+video) – CSMonitor.com

To watch the video, or read the rest of this article, please click the link below the text. I wanted to share this because we see the opposite so much more in the news-and of course we *should* see it until it is changed.

But it does no one any good to demonize or prejudge any group of people. We have to stay open to the positive possibilities inherent in the humanity of those who are in positions of power. We have to keep the positive examples in mind alongside of the monsters to keep our own hearts open.

I have personally met plenty of jerks from police officers to politicians and every power level in between-but I have met a lot MORE of all professions who were like this officer.

Love is our natural state. Cruelty, racism, violence are all dysfunctional. They only arise in broken people.

When we no longer have to protest the insane violence at all levels of our society because THIS behavior has become standard; then the Shift will be evident to all.

Bless this man and everyone like him who continues to act from love in spite of the cultural programming toward fear.
ohnwentsya

Instead of writing ticket, Michigan cop buys booster seat for girl (+video)

(Read article summary)

By Jacob Axelrad, Staff writer / October 7, 2014

(Read caption)

“The easiest 50 bucks I ever spent.”

That’s what the Michigan police officer said after purchasing a booster seat for a 5-year-old girl who was riding without a car seat.

This instance of gift-giving began as an ordinary traffic stop. Last Friday, Emmett Township Department of Public Safety Officer Ben Hall stopped a vehicle in the southwest Michigan community after someone reported there was a young child riding without a car seat. Alexis DeLorenzo and her daughter weredriving in the car of a friend who was at the wheel.

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When they were stopped, Ms. DeLorenzo grew worried. She thought they were going to get a ticket. She told the officer she had recently fallen on hard times and could not afford a seat for her daughter. Her car had been repossessed with her daughter’s booster seat still inside, Fox 17 News reports.

“We’re living paycheck to paycheck, hand to mouth, borrowing money from friends,” she said.

Instead of writing the woman a ticket, Officer Hall told her to meet him at a Walmart in 15 minutes. There, he bought a booster seat for her daughter. The act “changed my life,” DeLorenzo said. “I’m never going to forget him. And neither will my daughter.”

In an interview, Hall explained how it felt natural to go beyond the call of duty and make a difference in these people’s lives. His words also expressed humility – anybody in his same position would have done what he did, he said.

“A ticket doesn’t solve the situation,” Hall told Fox 17 News. “What solves it is the child being in the booster seat like she should be.”

(To read the rest, or watch the video, please click the link below

http://m.csmonitor.com/USA/USA-Update/2014/1007/Instead-of-writing-ticket-Michigan-cop-buys-booster-seat-for-girl-video?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=Daily&utm_campaign=20141007_Newsletter%3ADaily_Sailthru&cmpid=ema%3Anws%3ADaily%2520Newsletter%2520%2810-07-2014%29 )


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Buried beneath Stonehenge, even more henges? – CSMonitor.com

Buried beneath Stonehenge, even more henges?

Using ground-piercing radar and other high-tech equipment, scientists have detected at least 17 other ancient monuments buried beneath Stonehenge.

By Megan Gannon, LiveScience News Editor / September 10, 2014Image

The red circles mark the spots where archaeologists found satellite shrines around StonehengeThe megaliths of Stonehenge, which were raised above England’s Salisbury Plain some 5,000 years ago, may be among the most extensively studied archaeological features in the world. Still, the monument is keeping secrets.

Scientists have just unveiled the results of a four-year survey of the landscape around Stonehenge. Using non-invasive techniques like ground-penetrating radar, the researchers detected signs of at least 17 previously unknown Neolithic shrines.

Stonehenge is undoubtedly a major ritual monument, which people may have traveled considerable distances to come to, but it isn’t just standing there by itself,” project leader Vincent Gaffney, an archaeologist at the University of Birmingham in the U.K., told Live Science. “It’s part of a much more complex landscape with processional and ritual activities that go around it. That’s very different from how this has been viewed before. The important point is Stonehenge is not alone. There was lots of other associated ritual activity going on around it.” [See Images of Hidden Stonehenge Monuments]Scholars still aren’t sure why Stonehenge was built, as the monument’s Neolithic creators left behind no written records. But the ruins, which align with the sun during the solstices, stand as an impressive feat of prehistoric engineering. The biggest stones at the site, known as sarsens, are up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall and weigh 25 tons (22.6 metric tons); they are believed to have been dragged from Marlborough Downs, 20 miles (32 kilometers) to the north.

At the newfound satellite shrines around Stonehenge, Gaffney and his team revealed underground impressions, presumably left by wooden post holes, stones and ditches — some of which extend up to 13 feet (4 m) deep. Images created with geophysical prospecting tools show that some of these smaller monuments had a concentric circle design, much like Stonehenge.

The researchers also peered inside the Cursus, an immense prehistoric enclosure to the north of Stonehenge that dates back to about 3500 B.C. Stretching about 1.8 miles (3 km) long and 330 feet (100 m) wide, the Cursus had been deemed a barrier to Stonehenge, but it was so big that no one really knew what was inside of it, said Gaffney.

When the researchers surveyed this area, they found a large pit buried on the eastern end of the Cursus. This pit was aligned with Stonehenge’s “avenue,” a processional path that lines up with the sun at dawn during the mid-summer solstice. The team also found a matching pit at the other end of the Cursus. This pit is aligned with the Heel Stone at the entrance to Stonehenge, which is aligned with sunset during the solstice, Gaffney said.

“Suddenly, you’ve got a link between this very large monument and Stonehenge through two massive pits, which appear to be aligned on the sunrise and sunset on the mid-summer solstice,” Gaffney said.The researchers also mapped dozens of burial mounds in the area, including a long barrow that dates back to an era before Stonehenge. The team detected a timber building buried inside the mound, and the project leaders think this structure might have been used for the ritual inhumation and defleshing of the dead.

Gaffney said it will take his team about a year just to process all the data they collected during their 120 days of fieldwork over the span of four years. And then it will likely be up to English Heritage (the government body in charge of archaeological and historic sites) to decide which features to dig up in a more traditional excavation. Further study should help reveal the ages of these monuments, pits and burial mounds, and help explain how Stonehenge evolved over time.

The findings were revealed as part of the British Science Festival and will be featured in a new BBC Two series, “Operation Stonehenge: What Lies Beneath,” which will air in the U.K. Thursday (Sept. 11) at 8 p.m. BST. A U.S. version of the special, dubbed “Stonehenge Empire,” will air on the Smithsonian Channel Sept. 21 at 8 p.m. ET/PT. The Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project is led by the University of Birmingham with the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology.

Follow Megan Gannon on Twitter and Google+. Follow us @livescience, Facebook & Google+. Original article on Live Science.

http://m.csmonitor.com/Science/2014/0910/Buried-beneath-Stonehenge-even-more-henges?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=Daily&utm_campaign=20140910_Newsletter%3ADaily_Sailthru&cmpid=ema%3Anws%3ADaily%2520Newsletter%2520%2809-10-2014%29


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John Dennis Liu inspires people to save Earth’s ecosystem – CSMonitor.com

John Dennis Liu inspires people to save Earth’s ecosystem

John Dennis Liu says humans can stop destroying their planet. He’s documented ecological restoration projects around the world to prove it.

By Debra Bruno, Contributor / September 13, 2013

0916 mliu john liu pmad full 300

0916 mliu john liu pmad full 300


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Filmmaker John Dennis Liu, here in Rwanda, has documented ecological projects in diverse locations such as Haiti, Jordan, and China.

Courtesy of Environmental Education Media Project

BEIJING

John Dennis Liu doesn’t do small talk well. Even a brief telephone conversation about setting up an interview launches him into a speech about ecological restoration, Earth’s future, and the errors of humanity’s ways.

He simply can’t help himself, and he knows it. “It’s pretty much the same thing I say each time,” he says. “People ask me, ‘What are you on?’ ”

What the Beijing-based ecologist and filmmaker is “on” is the fervent belief that our planet is heading toward environmental disaster. But it is a disaster that can be averted. He argues that humans can stop the ecological destruction of the planet, and that they have a moral obligation to do so.

10 organizations that protect the environment

Just don’t try to distract him with talk about anything less than the future of humanity. “We’re facing catastrophic outcomes from climate change,” he says.

In fact, Mr. Liu sees the destruction of Earth’s natural resources as a fight of biblical proportions, a tragic step that takes humanity away from the Garden of Eden that is biodiversity.

For the past 17 years, he’s been involved in projects such as the restoration ofChina‘s Loess Plateau, a roughly (Please click the link below to read the whole article on CSMonitor-

http://m.csmonitor.com/World/Making-a-difference/2013/0913/John-Dennis-Liu-inspires-people-to-save-Earth-s-ecosystem )


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Earth-like planets next door? Prospect could point to 9.6 billion more – CSMonitor.com

Earth-like planets next door? Prospect could point to 9.6 billion more

A new study calculates that the nearest Earth-like planet may be only 13 light-years away – and argues there may be more habitable planets out there than we thought.

By Pete Spotts, Staff writer / February 6, 2013

0206-planets_full_300

This artist’s conception provided by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics shows a hypothetical planet with two moons orbiting in the habitable zone of a red dwarf star. Earth-like worlds may be closer and more plentiful than anyone imagined. Astronomers reported Wednesday.

Read the whole article on CS Monitor at the link below-

http://m.csmonitor.com/USA/2013/0206/Earth-like-planets-next-door-Prospect-could-point-to-9.6-billion-more